It is doubtlessly not the same to say that an action is right if it actually facilitates happiness, or to say that it is right if it tends to facilitate happiness.His own theory of morality, writes Mill in Utilitarianism, is grounded in a particular theory of lifenamely, that pleasure, and freedom from pain, are the only things desirable as ends.
According to his early essay Bentham (1838 all reasonable moral theories assume that the morality of actions depends on the consequences which they tend to produce (CW 10, 111 thus, the difference between moral theories lie on an axiological plane.Coming back to the example, it is important to remember that the balance of traceable consequences would be greatly in favour of the act of homicide.
It serves the validation of rightness for our moral system and allows as a meta-rule the decision of conflicting norms.Broader sense of "grinding machine" is attested from 1550s.
(CW 10, 181) Mill gives no concrete case.In old slang also "a typewriter" (1913 "a boxing match or other pugilistic bout" (1819).
Miller, Dale., 2011, Mill, Rule Utilitarianism, and the Incoherence Objection, in: Eggleston, Ben/Dale.The last chapter is often neglected and wrongly so, for it contains a central statement of Mills understanding of morals; it creates the foundation for the philosophers theory of moral rights that plays a preeminent role in the context of his political thought.