' the judge said with an indulgent smile.The adoption and use of writing systems depend primarily on their ability to preserve language and information through time and across space.
It is now known that such a scheme is impossible.The American scholar Milman Parry, writing in the 1920s, showed that the Homeric epic poems, long regarded as models of literary virtuosity, were in fact the product not of a literate but of an oral tradition.Read More on This Topic language: Written language, historically, culturally, and in the individuals life, writing is subsequent to speech or signing and presupposes.
2003 by Pearson Education, Inc.The failure to notice the intimate relation between the morphophonemic structure of the language and the type of orthography has led some scholars to underestimate the efficiency of consonantal writing systems and, perhaps, to overestimate the centrality of the invention of the alphabet to the.
Similarly, writing is so fundamental to a modern, literate society that its significance has often been overestimated.Two words, even if they sound exactly the same, will be represented by entirely dissimilar characters.The word paper has two syllables, pa-per.
Even Aristotle used the same word, gramma, to refer to the basic units of both speech and writing.Thus, the word boys is composed of two morphemes, boy and plurality.The functions of writing Given that literacy is not a prerequisite of rationality and civilization, it may be asked why writing systems were invented and why, when they were, they so completely displaced preexisting oral traditions.